Category Archives: Guatemalan coffee

Seasonal Spotlight : Guatemala Valmar

| August 23, 2013

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This past harvest we travelled to the tropical highlands of Alta Verapaz to visit the farms of Luis Valdez, Finca Santa Isabel and San Lorenzo.  During our visit we were thoroughly impressed with the technique the family has developed to produce exceptionally sweet and complex coffees.  My host during our visit was Luis ‘Wicho’ Valdez III, who oversees much of the day to day operations on the farm. With an education in agriculture engineering, Wicho takes a methodical and precise approach towards coaxing the most from his family’s land.   DSC00369

Due to the extremely high humidity and cold nighttime temperatures, the farm maintains good ventilation and sunlight through the implementation of a unique pruning cycle. As a result, the coffee shrubs remain healthy and productive for many years.  During harvest, ripe cherries are selectively hand-picked in the morning and delivered to the wet mill in the afternoon.  The mill is constructed on a hill, which allows gravity to assist in moving the coffee through the process. DSC00421

A series of siphons draw off any ‘floaters’ , which can include under/over-ripe cherries and debris, such as twigs and leaves.  The de-pulping machinery then removes the skin and flesh of the cherries.  This pulp is composted with the assistance of red worms and then used as organic fertilizer for the farm. DSC00426

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The coffee, which at this point is still covered in sticky mucilage, is then deposited into pristine fermentation tanks.  Overnight, naturally present microbes interact with the sugars on the coffee and a set of complex acids are created.  After the mucilage is broken down, the coffee is washed in channels, and then placed in another tank, submerged in water, for another night.  This secondary, wet-fermentation is not common in Central America, and no doubt contributes to the complexity of acids and sugars present in the Valmar. DSC00444DSC00431

All caturra (a cultivar of Arabica) is tracked and sun-dried on the patios, which takes a little over a week.  Each of these caturra lots is sample roasted and scored by the experts at Anacafe, with the highest scoring lots receiving special designation. While the coffee (still in parchment) rests at the farm, the moisture content is monitored closely.  We pulled a handful of the highest scoring lots back to our cupping lab in Seattle, where we discovered that three days in early March had yielded some remarkable coffees.  With the assistance of our exporter in Guatemala we had this coffee shipped directly to our warehouse here in Seattle.  DSC00474

It has been absolutely delicious.   DSC00463

Valmar is available now at all Caffe Vita locations and online.

 

Guatemala Harvest Report

| April 10, 2013

 roya leaf

Roya, also known as leaf rust, or Hemileia vastatrix is a highly contagious fungal disease, fed by moisture and heat, causing rust colored powdery sores to infect leaves of the plant.  Eventually, leaves drop, photosynthesis ceases, and death ensues.

It was last November that I received a phone call from Guatemala with news of the increasing prevalence of roya on the farm of our friend, Alex Keller.  Increasingly, similar reports have arrived from farms throughout Latin America with the affected range now stretching from Mexico to Peru.

cupping

A state of emergency has been declared in Guatemala with official estimates of reduction in export pegged at 15% though many expect the true number to be closer to 30%. The outlook for next year’s harvest is even worse with potential loss of up to nearly half of the harvest. The only ones grinning are the chemical companies, with their sales of potent fungicides soaring. Some conspiracy theorists have pegged these companies as the culprit, purposefully releasing a mutant strain to rake in the profits. This represents an extreme of the numerous explanations to be offered.  One thing is for certain however, that increasingly irregular weather patterns have created more ideal conditions for which the fungus to thrive.

pacamara nursery

Our Farm Direct mainstay over the years, Finca Nuevo Vinas, hails from a certified organic farm. While many farms with the required capital have been spraying fungicide to keep it under control, organic farms face a much steeper challenge.  Always a tireless experimenter, Alex conducted over 80 separate tests of organic application with hopes he could find a remedy to control the spread of the disease.  Still, the most effective combination he devised comes at a hefty cost, and must be applied every 20 days to mirror the life cycle of the roya.  If this treatment proves ineffective, there will be little choice other than to sacrifice organic certification and save the farm.   

sheep poo

With the tragedy that has hit his farm, among the many others, we feel fortunate to have secured some excellent coffees for the upcoming year.  Fresh crop Finca Nuevo Vinas will be returning to our lineup shortly, though Finca Pacamaral’s harvest was so poor that it will not be.  In an attempt to find another beautiful coffee to showcase the diversity of profiles in Guatemala, I travelled for the first time to Alta Verapaz, a lushly tropical region situated roughly in the middle of the country.

airplane in coban

We arrived in Coban by small airplane, greeted by Luis ‘Wicho’ Valdez, fourth generation farming enthusiast, and gracious host. With the harvest still underway, we set out to his family’s farms, Santa Isabel and San Lorenzo.  The climate of this region is drastic, with temperatures reaching freezing at times and humidity hovering above 90%. These conditions, coupled with a precise, highly unique system of processing have yielded a tremendous coffee, replete with flavors of black currant, orange, and melon. We have secured this coffee for upcoming release at which time I will share more about the Valdez family and their impressive coffee.

wicho valdez

New Crop Farm-Direct Guatemala Arrives

| April 12, 2011


Ah, springtime is here, which means the arrival of new crop coffees from Central America and Africa. Last week, we unloaded a container from Ethiopia, including some lovely Yirgacheffe from the Kochere district, and today saw the arrival of our very own farm-direct Guatemalan coffee beans from Finca Nuevo Vinas. (Take a look at the source report and photos from our trip to Guatemala back in February.) The ripe cherries were harvested less than two months ago; this farm-direct coffee is extra fresh.


We are in the process of cupping and developing roast profiles for these coffees, and we’ll let you know when they are ready to brew and pour. Stay tuned!